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N°22 - 131T alco-cooke - 1916

The locomotive number 22 of the Pithiviers Transport Museum has come a long way, since it was built in the United States in 1916. Of type 2-6-2 T this locomotive was relatively versatile: it could provide passenger trains as well as freight trains without problems.


an American who arrives in Europe

During the First World War, the Germans and the French were already equipped with equipment, however, this was not the case for the English. To remedy this, orders are placed with the manufacturer Hunslet, to acquire 230T. These locomotives please, but the manufacturer does not manage to supply enough within the time limit. The English therefore turn to the manufacturer Baldwin, which has just delivered locomotives of type 10-12D, also 4-6-0 T, to the Moroccan Military Railways. Contacts are made, and around 500 machines will be delivered in just 13 months. But ultimately this locomotive is not entirely satisfactory, several faults are noted: the driving team undergoes a lot of vibrations, the handling of the track is not excellent, and it is often criticized for its bad behavior in reverse. Therefore, a new type of machine will be developed by American Locomotive Company (Alco), this time type 131T with 100 copies. Thanks to the addition of a carrying axle under the machine cabin, it will have a better quality of rolling in reverse. It will ultimately be preferred to the 230T Baldwin.


a beet destiny

Our locomotive was delivered in 1916 to the British War Department Light Railway registered LROD1240. At the end of the war it was recovered by the Vis-en-Artois sugar factory, located in Pas-de-Calais. On June 23, 1934 the 3-22 arrived on Pithiviers Toury Tramway and put into operation on July 2 of this same year. 3 others locomotives of the same type will be put into service from 1928 to 1935, numbered from 3-20 to 3-23. When the layout closed in 1964, our locomotive and one of its sisters was bought by an individual residing in Deux-Sèvres. It will not be until 1980 that it will return to Pithiviers, purchased jointly between the Transports Museum of Pithiviers and the Federation of Friends of Secondary Railways (FACS), it will be completely bought by the association in 1987. Good that classified "Historic Monument" in July 1992, it will never have been driven for museum visitors because of its poor condition. Nevertheless it will have the right to an aesthetic restoration in 1998 and since is visible in the museum for the happiness of the enthousiats because even if the 3-20 and 3-23 are preserved, our locomotive, the 3-22, is the only one to have kept her modified cab from the Pithiviers Toury Tramway.

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